Barbara brought to my attention an apparent crack in my definitions of yam and agam in my earlier post. How could the Yam Suf be a yam (sea?) if it has suf (reeds?)? If it has suf, it should be an agam.
Let’s think about the most famous story involving Yam Suf (Sea of Reeds?), that of the Children of Israel crossing the Yam Suf. After an arduous period of slavery and 10 grueling plagues, which wiped out the economy of Egypt and left 90% of the Children of Israel dead, the remaining people run for their lives out of Egypt. After journeying for 3 days away from the comforts and resources of Egypt, they reach Yam Suf. Up until this point, G-d is continually acting in a way to show his might, not only to the Egyptians but also to the Children of Israel.
Imagine what the Children of Israel were seeing when they stood before the Yam Suf. What would be the best way for G-d to show His power? Would they be standing in front of a small pond with lots of reeds (suf)? How could such a body of water swallow up Egypt’s mighty chariots as described in Exodus 15?
We know from the Bible where the Yam Suf is and its description as a border is listed in many places. Yam Suf is equated with the Red Sea of today. One of the bordering towns of the Yam Suf is listed as Etzion Gever, near today’s Eilat. An event which happens on the sea by Etzion Gever gives us another description of not just where the Yam Suf is, but what it is like.
“Yehoshofat (one of the kings of Yehuda) constructed Tarshish ships (a fleet of ships) to sail to Ofir for gold. But he did not sail because the ships were wrecked (by natural means) at Etzion Gever.” II Kings 22:49
From this passage, we see that Yam Suf is stormy. But is the Red Sea stormy? Most people who visit Eilat would disagree. Stormy seas are in the Gulf of Mexico, the Pacific Rim, the Straits of Gibralter. We need to remember, however, that the Bible only cares about the Levant. The main yamim here are the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of Galilee, the Dead Sea and the Red Sea. Using this as our scale, the Red Sea is the stormiest. Only 8 years ago, a storm in the Red Sea sank an Egyptian ferry carrying 1300 people.
How then can it be called Yam Suf, Sea of Reeds? The Atlas Daat Mikra gives an interesting interpretation. Instead of suf=reeds, think sufa=storm. That colloborates what we know of Yam Suf from the Children of Israel’s crossing. It magnifies the miraculous nature of this story; a weakened people comes to a stormy sea pursued by the greatest army of the day. They cross over on dry land, and the army is swept up in the storm surge.
The result of the fjording of Yam Suf is that the Children of Israel realize G-d’s might, and that all the nations of the world tremble before them. The way is paved for the birth of a nation.